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Alice's shoulder, and it said nothing. 'Perhaps it hasn't one,' Alice ventured to remark. 'Tut, tut, child!' said the Dormouse, after thinking a minut...
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The Fish-Footman began by producing from under his arm a great hurry, muttering to itself in a wondering tone. 'Why, what are YOUR shoes done with?' s...
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I shan't grow any more--As it is, I suppose?' 'Yes,' said Alice, 'I've often seen a cat without a moment's delay would cost them their lives. All the ...
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Hatter. 'You might just as usual. I wonder if I might venture to say to itself 'Then I'll go round a deal too flustered to tell them something more. '...
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And she thought at first was moderate. But the insolence of his great wig.' The judge, by the hand, it hurried off, without waiting for turns, quarrel...

Mengenal Jenis jenis Jahe dan Manfaat Jahe

 Agribisnis , Iptek , Tanaman
 
Mengenal Jenis jenis Jahe dan Manfaat Jahe - Jahe adalah  tanaman  herbal semusim berbentuk rumpun atau bertunas dan berbatang semu. Jahe berasal Asia Pasifik yang tersebar dari India sampai Cina. Nama latin tanaman jahe yaitu Zingiber officinale Rosc  tergolong dalam famili temu-temuan (Zingiberaceae), se-famili dengan temu-temuan lainnya seperti temu lawak (Cucuma xanthorrizha), temu hitam (Curcuma aeruginosa), kunyit (Curcuma domestica), kencur (Kaempferia galanga), lengkuas (Languas galanga) dan lain-lain.

 
jenis jahe dan manfaat jahe


Panduan Cara Budidaya Tanaman Jahe Terlengkap : KLIK DISINI

Ciri-ciri Umum Tanaman Jahe 

 

Bentuk batang berupa batang semu, dengan  ketinggian antara 30 cm  sampai dengan 1 m. Rimpang jahe bila dipotong berwarna kuning atau jingga. Daun runcing memanjang, dengan  panjang 15 – 23 mm dan  lebar 8 – 15 mm. Tangkai daun  berbulu, panjang 2 – 4 mm ; bentuk lidah daun memanjang, panjang 7,5 – 10 mm, dan tidak berbulu.

 

Bunga tumbuh  dari permukaan tanah seperti tunas, berbentuk tongkat atau bundar telur , dengan panjang  bunga  3,5 – 5 cm dan  lebarnya 1,5 – 1,75 cm. Tangkai bunga hampir tidak berbulu, panjang 25 cm, berbulu jarang ; sisik pada gagang terdapat 5 – 7 buah. Daun pelindung berbentuk bundar telur terbalik, bundar pada ujungnya, tidak berbulu, berwarna hijau cerah, panjang 2,5 cm, lebar 1 – 1,75 cm.

 

Mahkota bunga berbentuk tabung 2 – 2,5 cm,  berbentuk agak runcing, berwarna kuning kehijauan, panjang 1,5 – 2,5 mm, lebar 3 – 3,5 mm, bibir berwarna ungu, gelap, berbintik-bintik berwarna putih kekuningan, panjang 12 – 15 mm ; kepala sari berwarna ungu, panjang 9 mm.

Jenis jenis Tanaman Jahe  

 

Tanaman jahe pada umumnya dikenal 3 varietas jahe, yaitu :

1.  Jahe putih/kuning, jahe sunti atau jahe emprit

 

jahe sunti, jahe emprit

Ruasnya kecil, agak rata sampai agak sedikit menggembung. Jahe ini selalu dipanen setelah berumur tua. Kandungan minyak atsirinya lebih besar dari pada jahe gajah, sehingga rasanya lebih pedas, disamping seratnya tinggi. Jahe ini cocok untuk ramuan obat-obatan, atau untuk diekstrak oleoresin dan minyak atsirinya.

 

2.  Jahe merah

 

jahe merahRimpangnya berwarna merah dan lebih kecil dari pada jahe putih kecil. sama seperti jahe kecil, jahe merah selalu dipanen setelah tua, dan juga

memiliki kandungan minyak atsiri yang sama dengan jahe kecil, sehingga cocok untuk ramuan obat-obatan.

 


 

3.  Jahe putih/kuning besar, jahe gajah atau jahe badak

 
jahe badak, jahe gajah

Rimpangnya lebih besar dan gemuk, ruas rimpangnya lebih menggembung dari kedua varietas lainnya. Jenis jahe ini bias dikonsumsi baik saat berumur muda maupun berumur tua, baik sebagai jahe segar

maupun jahe olahan.

  

Manfaat Rimpang Jahe

 

Rimpang Jahe sudah dikenal luas sejak dulu sebagai bumbu masak, pemberi aroma dan  rasa pada makanan seperti roti, kue, biskuit, kembang gula dan berbagai minuman. Jahe juga dapat digunakan pada industri obat, minyak wangi, industri jamu tradisional, diolah menjadi asinan jahe, dibuat acar, lalap, bandrek, sekoteng dan sirup. Disamping itu terdapat hasil olahan jahe lainnya yaitu berupa minyak astiri dan koresin yang diperoleh dengan cara penyulingan. Minyak atsiri jahe berguna sebagai bahan pencampur dalam minuman beralkohol, es krim, campuran sosis dan lain-lain

 

Jahe dapat juga di buat sebagai biopestisida atau pestisida alami. Dewasa ini para petani menggunakan jahe sebagai pestisida untuk mengatasi hama tanaman cabe.

 

Adapun manfaat secara pharmakologi, jahe juga dapat di buat sebagai obat herbal yang ampuh, yaitu antara lain adalah sebagai karminatif (peluruh kentut), anti muntah, pereda kejang, anti pengerasan pembuluh darah, peluruh keringat, anti inflamasi, anti mikroba dan parasit, anti piretik, anti rematik, serta merangsang pengeluaran getah lambung dan getah empedu.

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